The Notebook

See menu above or search in box at right for specific FLORA, FAUNA, or FUNGI 


15 May 2020 – The “iron worm” millipede of the Appalachians is wandering about for  a reason. More about evolution and millipedes here

Millipede Great North Mountain 160430
Narceus americana is frequently seen on trials in the Appalachian Mountains. The local mountain people called them “iron worms” due to the iron-like red bands.

27 April 2020 – St. Johnswort, herb of antiquity for both physical and mental wounds from the Knights of the Hospital of Saint John the Baptist. The rest of the story

Saint Johnswort Common_Dolly Sods 160716
Common St. Johnswort has been used from antiquity in Europe as a treatment for open wounds. Introduced to North America in 1793, it has become invasive. It is a recognized herbal treatment for depression with some NIH caveats.

15 April 2020The Cabbage White butterfly is a globally invasive species that eats broccoli. A cautionary tale amid the perils of pandemics. More here

Cabbage White Butterfly White Oak HNB_040613
The single spot on the wing marks this as a male Cabbage butterfly. In search of the two-spotted female who will go on to lay 300 eggs on cabbage and other mustard family plants (cabbage, turnip, broccoli, cauliflower, etc)

28 March 2020  –  As the grays of winter yield to the colors of spring, one must be optimistic. Why do we see color? How do we see color? What is color anyway? Explore the Colors of Nature

Looking for a pot of gold in Oz

Hiking is one of the best ways to be healthy: The Compleat Ambler.


Contact Information:           William Needham – Needham82@aol.