The Notebook

See menu above or search in box at right (above on phones) for specific FLORA, FLORA, FUNGI or Other Articles of related interest (Earth science and Energy)

17 September 2020 – Rock Tripe is an edible lichen that has served as an emergency source of nutrition in extreme arctic environments. Read more

Rock Tripe on a Silurian sandstone outcrop in western Virginia



1 September 2020 – The Snapping Turtle is nothing to fear unless you have chelonaphobia – or perhaps if you are a University of Maryland fan – more here

Snapping Turtle West Virginia 200716
Snapping Turtles cross roads to get to nesting sites, like this one in western Virginia




3 August 2020 – The Compleat Ambler

Published July 2020 by William Needham. A supplement to Hiker’s Notebook as a guidebook for how to enjoy walking in the woods and what it can do for you. Available in bookstores Details here

Compleat Ambler Cover











24 July 2020 – Walkingstick, an ent in the making. Twig insects epitomize evolution. More here

The brown twig-like walkingstick can only be easily seen silhouetted against a green leaf, where it is precariously perched with its legs splayed.











3 July 2020  – Inky cap mushrooms are different – from shaggy manes to mica caps. More here

Coprinus comatus shaggy mane Pyrenees 1509110
Coprinus comatus is also called  lawyer’s wig and shaggy mane









21 June 2020 – The first day of summer and the last day of spring – Trillium is its epitome.  A striking lily with three petals and three leaves that are not really petals and leaves. And it isn’t even a lily anymore. The rest of the trilliums (trillia?) and details here

Trillium grandiflora has an imposing white blossom that turns shocking pink










1 June 2020 – The Northern Water Snake is one of the most common, and most commonly mistaken snakes. It is not a water moccasin. For more details, click here

Northern Water Snake2 White Oak Canyon 160824
Northern water snake (or perhaps a copperhead)










15 May 2020 – The “iron worm” millipede of the Appalachians is wandering about for  a reason. More about evolution and millipedes here

Millipede Great North Mountain 160430
Narceus americana is frequently seen on trials in the Appalachian Mountains. The local mountain people called them “iron worms” due to the iron-like red bands.









Contact Information:           William Needham – Needham82@aol.